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keith harmon snow

Second Edition
June / July / August 2019
(pp: 87-99)

                                                The establishment narrative on 'Genocide in Rwanda' relies on a falsified historiography impregnated in the popular consciousness by the aristocratic Tutsi warrior elite currently in control in Rwanda and the western propaganda system (that supports them).  Following up on questions asked in Genocide in Rwanda I (garrison 001), keith harmon snow unpacks the hegemonic themes to show continuity between past and present, and to expose the politics of genocide in Rwanda.garrison Issue 002 story page.jpg

 In April 2019 a board member of the Karuna Center for Peacebuilding penned an editorial titled "Remembering the Rwanda Genocide, 25 Years Later" that appeared in a regional newspaper.[i] Based in Amherst Massachusetts, the Karuna Center is a registered non-profit organization heavily funded by USAID. Their stated mission is "to empower people divided by conflict to develop mutual understanding and to create sustainable peace". 


Karuna's first programs focused on Rwanda and Bosnia in 1994. Since then they have "led initiatives in more than 30 conflict areas worldwide."[ii] The opinion piece opened with the usual establishment line about 'genocide in Rwanda'.

"April marked the 25th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide against the Tutsi. Beginning in April 1994, some 800,000 Tutsis were brutally killed during 100 days of rampage orchestrated and promoted by a government exploiting ethnic tensions. These antagonisms were rooted in the colonial strategy to rule by pitting tribes against one another, a practice for which Belgium, a former ruler of Rwanda, has now apologized."

"Rwandans annually commemorate the genocide with solemn ceremonies of remembrance," the author continued, "but more importantly, as a time to affirm their unity as Rwandans, more than Tutsi, Hutu or Twa. Rwandans have embraced a remarkable process of reconciliation, forgiveness, and unification and serve as a shining example of healing that crosses deep divides."

The above summary is a caricature of Rwandan history; untenable and absurd. Partnered with the regime of Paul Kagame, the Karuna Center operates within the U.S. military and intelligence orbit.[iii],[iv] Karuna's funding, operations (partnered with military contractors), access and security in Rwanda depend on some very inconvenient truths.[v]

Rwanda's national census of 1991 counted approximately 596,000 Tutsis or 8.4 % of the population. Given that the Kagame regime accounts 350,000 to 450,000 Tutsi survivors, it is impossible that 800,000 Tutsis were killed in 1994.[vi]  In fact, if somewhere between 800,000 and 1.5 million Rwandans died in those '100 days of rampage', as universally claimed, then the majority of these were Hutus.[vii] 

How has the historiography of Rwanda been reduced to a gross caricature that is now repeated ad nauseum and remains so deeply enshrined in collective hysteria?


Author's Note:

In early May 2019 the author of this article inquired--prior to any writing--with the editors of the local newspaper whether an Op/Ed in response to the Karuna Op/Ed would be favorably received or a complete waste of time. The editors encouraged a submission with the May 8 response: 

That would be great. Please keep it to 750 words for a guest column and a photo would be perfect. It would also help me if you quote facts to send along the links you reference in the piece. 

On May 22, 2019 an Op/Ed was submitted to the Daily Hampshire Gazette in response to the above-mentioned Op/Ed published therein. The Op/Ed was very heavily sourced and footnoted.  The original Karuna Op/Ed was neither sourced nor footnoted at all. 

On June 21 the author wrote asking what was happening as no communications of any kind had been received.  The editors wrote back that it should be submitted to the OP/Ed editor, which of course it had been, and the Op/Ed editor wrote back on June 24 indicating that they were interested in publishing but one paragraph was causing him trouble.  The paragraph was addressed in a reply that was sent immediately.

On August 15th a greatly modified version of the Op/Ed removing all mention of the Karuna Center for Peacebuilding was re-submitted.

Well, this went on all summer. Finally, after another polite enquiry asking what the status was the author was informed on September 4 that the Op/Ed would not be run at all.

[i] Deborah Shriver, "Remembering the Rwanda Genocide, 25 Years Later," Daily Hampshire Gazette, 6 May 2019.

[ii] The Karuna Center for Peacebuilding 'Home' page: https://www.karunacenter.org/.

[iii] See: Karuna Center's "Our Network": https://www.karunacenter.org/our-network.html.

[iv] For a discussion of the Karuna Center for Peacebuilding's ties to the U.S. defense and intelligence establishment see: Keith Harmon Snow, "Democratic Republic of Congo: The Greatest Carnage of All," in Cynthia McKinney, Ed., How the U.S. Creates Sh*thole Countries, Clarity Press, 2018: 199-201.

[v] Karuna's Rwanda program director, Rosette Sebasoni, is believed to be a member of the Rwandan regime's intelligence networks. She makes her living peddling the false RPA narrative of Rwanda's recovery from the genocide against Tutsi. Rwandan sources also claim she is related to Jeanette Kagame, Paul Kagame's wife.

[vi] Service National de Recensement, Recensement Generale de la Population and de l'Habitat au 15 Aout 1991, Avril 1994: 124.

[vii] From the current summary of the Genodynamics Project: "While there are many issues we seek to understand, thus far we have concluded several things about the violence that took place in Rwanda during 1994: 1) there were several forms of political violence being enacted at once (genocide - mass killing of an ethnic group, politicide - mass killing of a political group [moderate Hutus], civil war [between the invading Rwandan Patriotic Front and Rwandan government], random violence and vendetta/reprisal killings), 2) the extremist Hutu government as well as the Rwandan Patriotic Front engaged in violent activity against Rwandan citizens (i.e., civilian targeting)  and 3) the majority of victims were likely Hutu and not Tutsi." https://genodynamics.weebly.com/

Written by: keith harmon snow

Photography Credits: keith harmon snow & others

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